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  • Writer's pictureVikram Kumar

"Printed Revolutions: The Role of Printing in India's Freedom Struggle"


Many wishes on the 77th Independence Day.

77वें स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर अनेकानेक शुभकामनायें |



The Revolution of 1857 ignited a spark of freedom in the minds of Indians, leading to complete independence in 1947. However, conveying these revolutionary ideas to the people was not easy. The printing industry contributed significantly to this cause.

1857 की क्रांति, जिसने भारतीयों के मन में स्वतंत्रता की ऐसी चिंगारी भड़क आई। 1947 में हमने पूर्ण स्वतंत्रता प्राप्त कर ली। पर आसान नहीं था ये क्रांति अलख जगाने वाली बातें जन-जन तक पहुंचाना। इसमें बहुत बड़ा योगदान दिया मुद्रण उद्योग ने। If conveying information about freedom movements, discussing revolutions, and sharing impassioned articles by freedom fighters through newspapers published in the press was easy, then it was accomplished primarily through printing technology. Whether distributing pamphlets among hundreds of people or covertly transmitting messages of revolution from house to house while evading the British government's watchful eyes.

प्रेस में छपे समाचार पत्रों के माध्यम से स्वतंत्रता के आन्दोलनों की सूचनाएं, क्रांति की बातें, स्वतंत्रता सेनानियों के जोशीले लेख पहुंचाने का काम अगर आसान हुआ तो सिर्फ मुद्रण की तकनीक से हुआ। चाहे फिर सैकड़ों पंपलेट लोगों में बांटनां हो या चुपके से क्रांति के संदेश अंग्रेजी सरकार से छुपाकर घर-घर पहुंचाना हो।



Some bold revolutionaries recognized the power of print and began publishing their newspapers, ensuring that the flame of revolution continued to burn in society, inspiring every individual in the country.


कुछ साहसी क्रांतिकारियों ने प्रिंट की ताकत को पहचान लिया था और उन्होंने अपने समाचार पत्र प्रकाशित करना शुरू किए ताकि समाज और देश के प्रत्येक व्यक्ति में क्रांति की मशाल धधकती रहे।



On this Independence Day, we salute the contribution of our printing industry today and pay our respects to the many revolutionaries.


इस स्वतंत्रता दिवस पर हम आज अपने मुद्रण उद्योग के योगदान को नमन करते है | और अनेकानेक क्रांतिकारियों को अपनी आदरांजली अर्पित करतें है |



We have attempted to list several such newspapers and presses. If we have omitted or overlooked any newspapers in this list, please suggest them in the comments so that we may include them as well.


हमने ऐसे बहुत से समाचार पत्रों और प्रेसों को सूचीबद्ध करने की कोशिश की है, अगर इसमें हम कुछ समाचार पत्रों को भूल गए हो या छूट गए हो, तो आप कमेंट में यह सुझाव देकर बताने की कृपा करें ताकि हम उनको भी जोड़ पाएं |


Once again, many happy returns of the day.

पुनः स्वतंत्रता दिवस की बहुत बहुत शुभकामनायें | Here is Important newspaper and journals during the indian freedom struggle, which are as follows:

Newspaper

Editor

Language

Place

Bengal Gazette

James Augustus Hicky

English

Calcutta

Samachar Darpan

Marshman

Bengali

Calcutta

Digdarshan

Marshman

Bengali

Calcutta

Sambad Kaumudi

​Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Bengali

Calcutta

Mirat-ul-Akhbar

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Persian

Calcutta

Bombay Samachar

Fardunjee

Gujarati

Mumbai

Hindustan Times

K M Panikkar

English

​Mumbai

Satyaprakash

​Karsandas Mulji

Gujarati

Ahmedabad

Bangdutt

​Dwarkanath Tagore

Bengali

Calcutta

Jaame Jamshed

P M Motibala

Persian

Mumbai

Rast Goftar

Dada Bhai Naoroji

Gujarati

​Mumbai

Hindu Patriot

Girish Chandra Ghosh

English

​Calcutta

Som Prakash

Iswarchandra Vidyasagar

Bengali

Calcutta

Indian Mirror

Devendra Nath Tagore

English

Calcutta

Indu Prakash

M G Ranade

Marathi

Mumbai

Native Opinion

V N Mandlik

English

Mumbai

Kavi Vachan Sudha

Bhartendu Harishchandra

Hindi

Calcutta

Amrit Bazar Patrika

Motilal Ghosh

Bengali

Calcutta

Amrit Bazar Patrika

Shishir Ghosh

Bengali

Calcutta

Hindi Pradeep

Balkrishan Bhatt

Hindi

Varanasi

Tribune

Dayal Singh Majithiya

English

Lahore

Statesman

Robert Night

English

Calcutta

Hindu

V Raghavachari

English

Chennai

Bengali

S N Banerji

English

Calcutta

Maratha

Agarkar

English

Mumbai

Kesari

​Kelkar

Marathi

Mumbai

India

​Dada Bhai Naoroji

English

Mumbai

Hindustan Standard

Sachidananda Sinha

English

Mumbai

Bharat Mitra

Balmukund Gupt

Hindi

Calcutta

Udant Martand

Jugal Kishore Shukla

Hindi

Kanpur

Malwa Akhbar

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Hindi

Indore

Hindostan

Madan Mohan Malviya

HIndi

Indore

Mumbai Darpan

Baal Shastri

Marathi

Mumbai

Abhay

Madan Mohan Malviya

Hindi

Allahabad

Pratap

Ganesh Shankar

Hindi

Kanpur

Hindi Kesari

Ganga Prasad Gupt

Hindi

Kashi

Aaj

Shiv Prasad Gupta

Hindi

Varanasi

Indian Review

G A Natesan

Hindi

Jawalapur

Indian Opinion

Mahatma Gandhi

English

South Africa

Indian Sociologist

Shyamji Krishna Verma

English

London

Hindostan

Pratapnarayan Mishra

Hindi

Indore

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